Our staff developers answer your pressing questions.
What are your most pressing concerns as teachers when it comes to learning and implementing your new teacher evaluation model? In parts 1 and 2 of this series, we offered preliminary responses to a representative sampling of observations from one recent survey of teachers at an elementary school in its second year of implementation. In this post, we discuss the overall structure of the Marzano Model.
As a teacher, I am learning the Marzano Teacher Evaluation Model by focusing on a few design questions each year. Can you explain the whole structure of the model so I can understand how what I already know fits in with the rest of the model?
That is a question I hear a lot from schools that implement the model over multiple years, I am glad you asked! The Marzano Teacher Evaluation Model is composed of four domains, ten design questions, and 60 elements. The four domains are woven together like a tapestry to foster a common language of instruction, and to spur reflection, collaboration, and focused feedback.
• Domain 1: Classroom Strategies and Behaviors. This domain includes 41 elements or strategies that take place in the classroom during multiple types of lessons and is the largest chunk of the model. The 41 “high probability” strategies correlate with increases in student achievement. They are organized into nine design questions and further grouped into three lesson segments.
• Domain 2: Planning and Preparing. This domain includes teacher preparation for planning and building through lessons, units, and annual learning goals. Within Domain 2, teachers plan for use of technology and strategies for including special needs students. Planning also includes the pre-conference for the formal observations, where teacher and administrator discuss the teacher’s unit, lesson development and the strategies to be used with struggling learners.
• Domain 3: Reflecting on Teaching. This domain focuses on self reflection, self assessment, and deliberate practice. During the reflection conference, teacher and administrator discuss how the lesson delivered during the formal observation went. Together they analyze and evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the unit, lesson, and instruction to ensure teacher growth. In addition, a professional growth plan is developed so the teacher can continue to improve.
• Domain 4: Collegiality and Professionalism. This domain helps focus and assist teachers in their interactions with colleagues, parents, and students to develop a collaborative and supportive environment. In addition, the domain provides teachers with a chance to mentor, be mentored, and focus on school and district initiatives.
Please explain to me the relationship between the protocols and the learning map.
The Marzano learning map is a graphic representation of each domain, lesson segment, design question and element in the Marzano Teacher Evaluation Model. Protocols are tools used within the Marzano Model. There is one protocol for each of the 60 elements in the Marzano framework and represented on the learning map. Protocols provide areas for observers to talk to teachers about specific evidences of teacher and student behavior, and frame teacher practice along the continuum of teacher growth for that element, from not using to innovating. In addition, reflection questions are found in each protocol which are intended to begin instructional conversations between the observer and teacher.
The relationship between the protocols and the learning map is that the protocols are a frame to provide feedback to teachers about their use of specific elements shown on the learning map. It is important for teachers to understand the protocol so they can interpret feedback and fashion their practice to move to the next developmental level. In this way, the protocol is a tool for teacher growth. It is written in the common language and aids in evaluation and professional development.
Through study and discussion of the learning map and protocols teachers gain an understanding of the Marzano Teacher Evaluation Model and, more importantly, how they can continue to grow and improve.
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